Making Content More Inclusive
Below is an article originally written by Emily Triplett Lentz, the Blog Editor and Content Strategy Lead at PowerToFly Partner Help Scout, and published on November 7, 2018. Go to Help Scout's page on PowerToFly to see their open positions and learn more.
Our Engineering Coach, Megan Chinburg, recently called for further removing ableist language from Help Scout's company vernacular.
"I observed us using the word 'crippled' a few times in various conversations and presentations ... I realize this is a common word used in English to emphasize just how destructive a particular pattern or event can be. However, there are several other words that mean the same thing and don't compare dire or sub-ideal situations with the physical state of another human.
I would suggest using words like 'incapacitated,' 'hamstrung,' 'stifled,' 'undermined' ...
I know several people have been public about trying to remove words like 'crazy' and 'blind spot' and 'insane' from their own speech, and this is awesome. Here's another one to consider. Thank you."
She was right. I've been working on eliminating oppressive language (like "duh" and "crazy") from my vocabulary, but "cripple" and its variations isn't a term I'd been looking out for.
Which is unfortunate, since I'm an editor and looking out for language use is kind of my job.
Auditing our content for problematic language
Megan's plea made me wonder how many times we've inadvertently used ableist terminology in our content. If I have to be reminded that "cripple" isn't a word we should be throwing around, how many instances in our ~six years of blog backlog have we used similarly careless language?
I decided to audit the blog, HelpU, and our other resources for ableist and other problematic language. I consulted a few resources and invited the team to contribute to the list. Here are the words we found we'd misused in our content:
This list isn't comprehensive — any notable absences should be due to those words never having appeared on our site in the first place (but if you do catch any other questionable language on our site, please holler and I will fix it).
- An Incomplete Guide to Inclusive Language for Startups and Tech
- 40 Alternatives to These Ableist and Oppressive Words
- Inclusive Language in Four Easy Steps
- 12 Words You Need to Ban From Your Vocabulary to Be a Better Ally
Our Growth Lead, Eli Overbey, used Screaming Frog's SEO tool to crawl our site, and it spat out 72 matches. (Yikes.) Many of these were tropes we leaned on again and again in writing about customer experience over the years: "There are no stupid questions"; "Don't leave your support team flying blind."
A global find-and-replace wasn't an option because:
- Not every instance of these words is inappropriate. Words like "mental," for example, can be either neutral or ableist, depending on the context. One older blog post told a story about a legally blind customer. And that's OK — it's a statement of fact, not disparaging anyone by equating their physicality with anything negative.
- We use words like "crazy" and "dumb" to mean dozens of things. These words are lazy placeholders for more precise language. Every update I made led to clearer, better writing. "Dumb" would become "trivial" or "silly"; "crazy" would become "hectic" or "wild." "Insane" became "abundant" in one case; "crippling" became "insidious."
Making all these updates at once highlighted how reflexively we use a discourse of disability in signifying what is undesirable. So many times I changed "dumb" to synonyms for "bad" or "wrong."
The work yet to be done
After swapping out or removing those 72 instances, I updated our style guide to clarify what we mean about using inclusive, neutral language:
Use "folks" or "people" rather than "guys"; "staffed" or "handled" rather than "manned"; "go-between" rather than "middleman," etc. Avoid ableist language (e.g., "crazy," "OCD," "blind," "lame," "insane" and so on).
For good measure, we added language about quoting subject matter experts from underrepresented groups, and soliciting images that showcase different axes of diversity and inclusion outside the standard stock images you'd expect from the average software blog.
On their own, these and other adjustments to our content to make it more inclusive — such as adding captions to videos and aiming for broader representation in our illustration style and customer stories — may seem rather inconsequential. There is certainly more important work to be done from a diversity and inclusion standpoint. We don't claim to have solved any big problems here: Whether a company blog uses the word "insane" is trivial compared to many (most) other injustices. The majority of readers don't even notice. But.
When you can choose between behavior that upsets some people versus behavior that upsets no one, why wouldn't you choose to upset no one?
Why wouldn't you default to neutrality? Why wouldn't you default to better writing?
In the end, we addressed the issue because it was within our power to do so — in fact, we wondered why we hadn't done it much earlier.
Swapping out our tools
If you've read this far and you're feeling defensive ("What, I can't say stupid now?"), I feel you. No one likes their language being policed or tools being removed from our toolkits.
To those folks, I'd say: Take a deep breath. Google it. Before leaving a comment below about P.C. culture ruining everything, read some firsthand accounts from marginalized people who feel further marginalized by the ubiquity of this thoughtless language use, then consider whether your word choices supersede anyone's feelings of safety and inclusion. Consider that there are almost always neutral synonyms that generally strengthen your communication; practice substituting those words instead. If you run a site, use your backend search to locate language that may be alienating your readers, then correct it. What harm can come of it?
When you insist on using words like "crazy" or "lame" in your speech — or worse, when brands use these words in their marketing copy, which is subject to several layers of internal review — you effectively draw a straight line between people's physical conditions or mental health issues, and that which is unfortunate and undesirable. It's 2018. We can all do better.
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