Can You Answer These 5 DevOps Interview Questions?
Just reading responses to "What is DevOps?" is enough to make your head spin if you don't have a technical background... This buzzword—short for Development & Operations—has gained so much traction in the last few years that it's hard to keep track of exactly what it means.
And it's often used in ways that don't *technically* make much sense.
In spite of all the DevOps job postings out there, DevOps isn't really a position so much as a way of working. And to land a DevOps engineering role, you need to have a solid understanding of the DevOps model.
Because DevOps is continually evolving and hard to pin down, it can make testing your DevOps knowledge and prepping for interviews particularly challenging.
That's why we asked our partner companies to share the DevOps interview questions they love to ask and what they're looking for in an answer. Read on and get ready to crush your next DevOps interview!
5 DevOps Interview Questions You Need to Know
1) uShip asks, "With the nature of our industry in constant flux and paradigm changes, how do you keep up?"
"I'm looking for folks trying to be involved with DevOps communities by either participating in meetup groups, message boards, internet groups & conferences. The overall goal of the question is to gauge the level of engagement into their craft and find out how the candidate constantly learns and grows as a DevOps engineer." — DevOps Manager, uShip
Sick of working like a dog & ready to work with your dog instead? Check out uShip's open roles here.
2) OneLogin asks DevOps candidates to "Design a highly available system."
Ready to work somewhere over the (double) rainbow? Apply to be a DevOps Security Engineer.
3) Braintree doesn't have a single question they ask, but rather a set of questions that help them understand how you get work done both individually and collaboratively with other people and teams.
"At Braintree we have three core values (Ask Why, Care A Lot, Solve Together) and we look for candidates that demonstrate these qualities above and beyond just their technical knowledge. When we are interviewing you for a DevOps position it is of critical importance that we find candidates that are open to collaborating at a high level and contributing to a vast body of work with high quality results for our merchants." —Ben Hatfield, Hiring Manager at Braintree
Want to join a team you'll be proud of? Check out these open DevOps roles at Braintree.
4) Wayfair says, "We often look for (without directly asking) how someone defines DevOps."
"Our preferred answer is that it's both a process and a culture. Without the cultural/mindset piece, the process will fail." — Karen at Wayfair
Want to strike a pose with the Wayfair team? Check out their open DevOps Roles.
5) PowerToFly asks, "What tools do you think should be in every DevOps' belt?"
Our DevOps guru Emiliano looks for an answer that includes tools like:
- Continuous Integration
- Infrastructure as Code (Terraform, CloudFormation)
- Configuration as Code (Ansible, Puppet, Chef, Saltstack)
- Scripting Languages (Bash, Python, Perl, Go, Ruby)
- Source Code Management (Git)
- Monitoring (Prometheus, CloudWatch, Kibana, Grafana, Nagios)
What are you waiting for? Get applying!! Good luck.
Supply and demand… we all know that as job seekers, high demand and low supply work in our favor. It's a booming job market already, but even more so for data analysts.
The Dated, Everyday Tech Stifling Women's Voices Shows the Importance of Diversity in Tech
"You're not like other girls. You're so...chill."
I've gotten that "compliment" from multiple guys in multiple contexts — and I'm ashamed to admit that until a few years ago, I took it as one.
Occasionally I'd wonder why. After all, anyone who knows me well knows I am the Anti-Chill: a tightly wound stress ball, ready to explode into tears at any given moment.
So what was giving these guys the wrong impression? As it turns out, it was my voice. My cool, unnaturally-deep-for-a-woman, never-shrill voice.
And if I'm honest, I always prided myself on not sounding 'like other girls.' No uptalk or high-pitched squeals of glee from me. I thought I sounded smarter and more serious. Talk about internalized misogyny.
This isn't just me though. There is a societal double bind that forces women to spend an inordinate amount of time thinking about the right pitch and tone for each situation.
Just consider the advice that Democratic-debate coach Christine Jahnke gave female candidates to avoid being labeled as shrill: "… go slow and low. Very purposefully slow your pace and lower the tone a bit, because that will add meaning or gravitas to whatever it is you're talking about."
In a nutshell: try and sound chill, not shrill.
What I didn't know, until recently, is how this bias against women's natural voices is being reinforced and amplified by century-old technology. (Just one of many examples of how technology designed by and for men ends up hurting women in the long-run.)
Author Tina Tallon explains this little-known fact in her recent New Yorker article, summarized below:
How 20th Century Tech Is Holding 21st Century Women Back
With the rise of commercial broadcast radio in the 1920s, women's voices began getting critiqued. As Tallon explains, station directors asserted that "women sounded 'shrill,' 'nasal,' and 'distorted.'" So when industry standards were set, directors didn't take women's voices into account.
When Congress limited the bandwidth available to each radio station in 1927, station directors set a bandwidth that would provide the minimum amount of information necessary to understand "human" speech.
They used lower voices as their benchmark, so the higher frequency components of women's speech necessary to understand certain consonants were cut, making women's voices less intelligible.
- Researcher J.C. Steinberg asserted that, "nature has so designed woman's speech that it is always most effective when it is of soft and well-modulated tone." He explained that if a woman raised her voice on air, it would exceed the limitations of the equipment. As Tallon says, "He viewed this as a personal and biological failing on women's part, not a technical one on his."
Why You Should Care
Women have always been told to lower their voices, but this 20th century approach to sound frequencies is still accepted as the standard, literally forcing women to lower their voices if they want to be heard.
- To this day, many algorithms and speakers distort women's speech by limiting higher frequencies, causing women's voices to lose definition and clarity.
Tallon sums it up well:
"Consequently, women are still receiving the same advice that they were given in the nineteen-twenties: lower the pitch of your voice, and don't show too much emotion. By following that advice, women expose themselves to another set of criticisms, which also have a long history: they lack personality, or they sound 'forced' and 'unnatural.'"
So as we continue to grapple with implicit biases against women, from what it means to be "presidential" to who's considered an "innovative leader," let's remember the importance of diversity in tech.
Had a woman been involved in researching/setting the standards for radio frequencies, she might've been able to steer the industry towards a voiceband that would allow men and women to be heard equally well. And perhaps had a more impartial voiceband been established, I'd have heard a more diverse range of female speakers growing up, and internalized fewer biases myself.
That's why we care so much at PowerToFly about making sure cutting-edge companies have diverse teams.
Times were different then, sure, but the fact that Depression Era standards are still impacting how we hear (or don't hear) women's voices is a vital reminder that what we do today impacts our world for centuries to come.
- Network with top executives even if you aren't looking for a new role
- First look at flexible, work-from-home, in-office roles
- Join live chats led by expert women in your field and beyond
It goes without saying that at some point in your career, you'll come down with a cold or virus that will require you to stay home from work, drink excessive amounts of tea, and make good use of that gravity blanket you impulse-bought off of Amazon.
A Thought-Provoking Conversation on How the Firm Empowers Their Associates
We all need something to motivate us to show up to work each day – to have a purpose, to feel engaged and fulfilled. For some, it's our coworkers. For others, it's our clients. It might even be our company's mission.