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The Immigrant as Innovator

Read TURO CEO's story

Below is an article originally published on August 25, 2017 and written by Andre Haddad, CEO. Go to Turo's company page on PowerToFly to see their open positions and learn more.

On June 21, 1989, a mortar shell crashed onto the fourth-floor balcony of a Beirut apartment building, exploding and destroying everything around it. My bed, my precious Technics turntable and Commodore computer, my cherished collection of The Economist that I had been reading since I was 13, and everything else in my bedroom was destroyed in the blast.

Thankfully, my family and I had taken refuge in a makeshift shelter in the underground parking garage of our building. The whole neighborhood was hunkered down there in the garage, which had become a giant campground with mattresses strewn about, cushioning the cold concrete floor.

The civil war in Lebanon had just opened a new chapter in its 14-year history, a chapter of intense fighting, destruction, and sorrow. But life had not always been so dramatic. There were times when life seemed almost normal. We went to school, our parents went to work. Electronic and house music was in its infancy, and I had a weekly DJ gig each Tuesday and Thursday night at the RML FM radio station in Achrafieh, Beirut. Life was happening. But then there were times of tumult, all culminating with the bombing of our home. A few months later, I boarded a flight to Paris, alone, leaving my family (who were relocating to Cyprus) and everything I had ever known behind in search of a brighter and less volatile future. I was 17.

Having grown up in the midst of a civil war, where people were killed because of their religion or ethnicity, and being an immigrant ever since I left Beirut, I have a deep appreciation of the refugee, immigrant, and minority experience. The basic instinct to seek a better, safer life resonates tremendously with me, and the immigration crackdowns persisting in the headlines these days continue to shake loose a lot of memories of my Beirut youth, and my experience as an immigrant in the years since. It's drudging up memories of experiences that I know many people are currently struggling through the world over.

But if there's one thing my tempestuous homeland taught me, it's that refugees and immigrants are a strong, determined, persevering, and innovative community. And I think that supporting their journey is not only the right thing to do, ethically, but it's also the smart thing to do, economically.

The drive to survive

Immigrants embody one of the most ambitious human characteristics — the drive to pursue a better life. Unsafe in or dissatisfied with their homelands, wherever that may be, immigrants proactively, relentlessly, seek greener pastures. We are not complacent. Our survival instinct is strong.

Immigrants have decided that they're no longer going to be victims, which means fundamentally they have the personality, attitude, and mindset that the future is bright. By fleeing the known and venturing into the unknown, they're more likely to want to prove themselves with a strong work ethic and can-do attitude, and they're going to believe that they have the power to affect change.

These qualities represent the essence of the entrepreneurs, the changemakers, who believe they can bring something positive to the world. They don't just look at something broken and resign themselves to it; they're going to adapt it, fix it, improve it.

Innovation: The tie that binds

Encouraging immigrants is not only the right thing to do, but it also makes sound economic sense. Unsurprisingly, 60% of the United States' most highly valued tech companies were founded by first- or second-generation immigrants, according to a study done in May by Turo investor Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byer. According to Recode, 13 of these immigrant-founded companies are collectively worth over $3 trillion and employed more than 1.5 million people last year.

Pierre Omidyar, who founded eBay, immigrated from France and Iran. Jeff Bezos, the mastermind of Amazon, is a second-generation immigrant from Cuba. Steve Jobs, one of this generation's most significant innovators who effectively changed the fabric of modern day society, was a second-generation immigrant from Syria — one of today's most war-ravaged countries with one of the biggest refugee crises in recent memory. Would we want to turn Steve Jobs away at the border? Doubtful.

The argument that immigrants are a threat to American security and are taking American jobs is hasty and incomplete. On the contrary, we are job creators, and "American innovation benefits from robust immigration," as the Wall Street Journal presented last year. Punishing the sins of a few should not be done at the expense of the wellbeing of many. Assuming that immigrants threaten the American dream contradicts the very zeitgeist of that dream — that you can come to this promised land, work hard, pull yourself up by your bootstraps, and thrive. Similar to our exit from the Paris climate accord, it seems shortsighted to me to cling to the familiar when innovation is engendered from the new, the fresh, the pioneering. It's counterproductive to build walls around the past when the future is wide open.

And ironically, that past that we're struggling to safeguard is composed of immigrant stories. The US has one of the strongest and most powerful economies in the world, not in spite of its immigrant populations, but because it's a nation of immigrants. By the very nature of this country's founding, we attract the kinds of people who believe they can affect change, people with chutzpah, people with ambition, people with hope.

The land of the free

This essence has always struck admiration in people around the world. America is seen as a land of opportunity, a place where you could seek refuge and incubate ideas, a place where innovation is encouraged and diversity celebrated. It's a country based on the future, not the past.

I fled war in search of a brighter future. I was welcomed in France, where I studied, worked for 15 years, and founded my first company, which I eventually sold to eBay. And then I was welcomed in the United States, where I moved to work at eBay and now Turo. Now a proud American, I want to make our collective ancestors proud. All Americans, recent immigrant or sixth-generation immigrant, carry the immigrant's story.

These immigration policies are temporary setbacks. We are a nation of people who yearn for better. With today's troubled world preying on our fears, we need to remember our essential optimism. We need to remember that united we stand. And we need for the newer generations of immigrants to remind us of that optimism, to remind us why we all came here in the first place.


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